New Stem Cells Could be ‘Universally Transplanted’
Breakthroughs in Immuno-Oncology Provide New Treatment Options
Transplants are often a point of crisis, since there is a global shortage of donated organs, but also because there is a high risk that the receiver’s body will reject the donated organ or transplanted tissue. A new type of “universal” stem cells could solve some of these issues. Researchers may have found a way […]
Artificial Intelligence (AI) Program Accurately Diagnosis Childhood Diseases
Cancer is a significant and growing problem for South Africa, with more than 70,000 new cases of cancer diagnosed in 2014. Breakthroughs in medical science have offered healthcare practitioners new options in the treatment of cancer. Among the most promising new approaches is using immunotherapy to reactivate the immune system to destroy cancer cells. The […]
Long-Term Cardiomyopathy Risk in Childhood Cancer Survivors
According to researchers, an artificial intelligence (AI) programme developed in China diagnosed childhood diseases as accurately as doctors. The AI system combs through test results, health records and even handwritten notes. The report in Nature Medicine states that – from the flu and asthma to life-threatening pneumonia, meningitis, and even childhood cancer – the artificial […]
What are the Reasons behind SA’s Organ Donor Shortage?
Recently, an analysis of long-term cardiomyopathy risk in 28,000 childhood cancer survivors in the US and Europe was done. Researchers compared 4 chemotherapy drugs with development of cardiomyopathy (diseases of the heart muscle). They found exposure to different anthracyclines results in different long-term cardiovascular risk. Heart disease is a leading cause of early death from non-cancer causes […]
What is the Difference between Leukaemia and Lymphoma?
South Africans needing organs historically struggle as there is a dearth of available organs for various reasons, including religious and cultural practices. According to Harriet Etheredge, a bioethicist at the University of the Witwatersrand though, those are not the only reasons… there are also perceptions that SA doctors and hospitals can’t be trusted, or that […]
Our Immune System uses Chaos to Prevent Disease
Cancer can affect any part of the body, including the blood. Leukaemia and lymphoma are both forms of blood cancer. The main difference is that leukaemia affects the blood and bone marrow, while lymphomas tend to affect the lymph nodes. Though there are some similarities between the two types of cancer, their causes and origins, […]
Is Bacon Really Carcinogenic?
New research, appearing in the journal Nature Communications, reveals a new mechanism that is at play in cellular function. Chaotic swings of protein concentrations help keep our immune system alert and functional, preventing chronic diseases, such as cancer and diabetes. Modern research has unearthed many of the faulty mechanisms that are at play in cancer, […]
Childhood Cancer – What is to Blame for It?
The head of the UN agency that provoked a massive outcry and some ridicule when it declared that bacon, red meat and glyphosate weedkiller caused cancer has defended its work, denying the announcements were mishandled and insisting on its independence.
New Service Transforms Childhood Cancer Treatment
Most individuals who have not been affected by childhood cancer mistakenly believe that childhood cancer is caused by genetic or environmental factors, not simply bad luck, according to a new study by medical researchers at UNSW. The team of researchers has highlighted community beliefs about what causes cancer in children, an area which remains understudied. […]
Children with cancer in the UK are to benefit nationally from a service which for the first time will allow doctors to personalise their treatment. The therapeutic drug monitoring service, developed by Newcastle University experts, allows clinicians to obtain vital information about how much chemotherapy individual young patients should receive. Youngsters diagnosed with cancer, […]