Treatment-induced nausea is an unpleasant side effect that can occur before, during, or after cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation. Antiemetic medications are typically used to treat nausea and vomiting, but there are other strategies that can help.
Kristen Uhl, PhD, of Pediatric Psychosocial Oncology at Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, specializes in pediatric pain management and coping with chronic illness. She recommends trying the following strategies with your child to help alleviate nausea.
- Eat small meals throughout the day, about every 3 hours
- Choose cold or room-temperature foods
- Try drier foods (like crackers, pretzels, or cereal)
- Avoid spicy, sweet, or greasy foods
- Stay away from foods with strong smells
- Avoid lying down immediately after meals
- Drink clear fluids between meals
- Try belly breathing (diaphragmatic breathing)
- Try guided imagery, which promotes relaxation by focusing on memories, dreams or fantasies to refocus attention away from a stressful situation. A clinician has the patient choose a meaningful image or idea. During a 10- to 20-minute session, the patient is guided to hear, see, taste, smell, touch, or move while thinking about an imagined activity.
- Use progressive muscle relaxation
- Consider hypnosis
- Try biofeedback
- Download phone (or tablet) relaxation apps